Timeline - Computer HIstory

History of Computers | Timeline of Computers

Timeline : History of Computers
समयसीमा : कम्प्यूटर का इतिहास

Timeline : History of Computers

कंप्यूटर शब्द की उत्पति अंग्रेज़ी भाषा के कम्प्यूट शब्द से हुई है जिसका अर्थ है गणना करना अतः कम्प्यूटर का विकास गणितीय गणनाओं के उद्देश्य की पूर्ति के लिए किया गया है। 

कंप्यूटर के इतिहास को समझने हेतु यह  टाइमलाइन अत्यंत उपयोगी होगी।
Basic timeline of the history of computers, focusing on key milestones and developments leading up to the modern electronic computers.

Ancient Calculators:

Abacus (c. 3000 BC): One of the earliest known computing devices.

Early Mechanical Calculators:

Pascaline (1642): Invented by Blaise Pascal, it could perform addition and subtraction.

19th Century Innovations:

Charles Babbage's Difference Engine (1822) and Analytical Engine (1837): Early mechanical computers with general-purpose capabilities, although never fully built in their time.

Hollerith's Tabulating Machine:

Herman Hollerith's Tabulating Machine (1890): Used punched cards to process data and was foundational for early data processing.

Electromechanical Computers:

Z3 (1941): Designed by Konrad Zuse, it was one of the earliest electromechanical computers.
Colossus (1943): Developed by British codebreakers during WWII, it was the world's first programmable digital computer..

Early Electronic Computers:

ENIAC (1945): The Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer was the first general-purpose, fully electronic digital computer.
UNIVAC I (1951): The Universal Automatic Computer, the first commercially produced computer.

Invention of Transistors:

Invention of the Transistor (1947): By John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley at Bell Labs, revolutionizing electronics and computer design.
IBM 305 RAMAC (1956): Introduced the first hard disk drive, improving data storage.

Mainframes and Early Programming:

IBM System/360 (1964): Introduced compatibility across different models, setting industry standards.
COBOL (1959) and FORTRAN (1957): Early high-level programming languages.

The Birth of the Internet:

ARPANET (1969): Developed by the U.S. Department of Defense, it was a precursor to the modern internet.

Microprocessors and Personal Computers:

Intel 4004 (1971): The first microprocessor.
Altair 8800 (1975): One of the first successful personal computers.
Apple I (1976) and Apple II (1977): Early personal computers from Apple.
IBM PC (1981): Introduced by IBM, it helped standardize personal computing.
Microsoft Windows (1985): The release of Windows 1.0 marked the beginning of Microsoft's dominance in operating systems.

The World Wide Web:

Invention of the World Wide Web (1989) by Tim Berners-Lee: Revolutionized the internet by introducing a system of interconnected websites.

Mobile Computing and Smartphones:

Palm Pilot (1996): One of the early successful personal digital assistants (PDAs).
BlackBerry (1999): Known for its mobile email capabilities.
Apple iPhone (2007): Revolutionized mobile computing and smartphones.

Modern Computing:

Cloud Computing: Emerged in the mid-2000s, enabling remote data storage and processing.
Advancements in AI and Machine Learning: Ongoing developments in artificial intelligence have transformed computing capabilities.

Courtesy : IEEE Computer Society

Tags-Computer History Timeline, History of Computers, Timeline of Computing, Early Computing Devices, Mechanical Calculators, Charles Babbage, ENIAC, UNIVAC,Transistor, IBM System/360, ARPANET, Microprocessor History, Personal Computers, World Wide Web Invention, Computing History, Modern Computing, Cloud Computing History, Artificial Intelligence Milestones, Computer Technology Evolution.

यह टॉपिक आपको कंप्यूटर की टाइमलाइन केम ाध्यम से उसके विकासक्रम को समझने में सहायक होगा. उम्मीद है कि इससे आपको कंप्यूटर का अविष्कार कैसे हुआ? कंप्यूटर का विकासक्रम एवं कंप्यूटर की विभिन्न पीढ़ियों में उपयोग होने वाले कॉम्पोनेन्ट एवं उनमें अन्तर जैसे प्रश्नों का समाधान प्राप्त हुआ होगा. Computer Notes in Hindi. Computer Fundamentals, History of Computers, Basic Computer Question Bank, MCQs for ITI COPA, CCA, DCA, BCA, PGDCA, CCC, DOEACC, All Government Jobs and Exams, Competitive Exams, Entrance Exams. Brief History Of Computer. A Brief Timeline of Evolution of Computers. Timeline of Computer History. Computer Generations.Computer Hindi Notes for Computer FundamentalOperating SystemMS-OfficeDatabase Management SystemInternet & HTMLJava ScriptVBAAccounting Software, TallyInternet and E commerce, Computer Networking , Employability Skills


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